Livestock development in Nepal is considered to have been initiated, with import of cows from UK, way back in 1917 BS, by Jung Bahadur Rana, prime minister. Then, ruling elites gradually started bringing exotic cows from India, and number of exotic cows in Kathmandu valley increased, as people close to ruling families followed them.
Livestock Improvement Section, with main objective of increasing genetic potentialities of indigenous cows was officially established in 2008 BS (1952 AD), and exotic breeds such as Red Sindhi, Sahiwaal, Jersey and Brown Swiss were used for "grading-up" of native cattle. As there were only small number of crossbred cows in Kathmandu valley, artificial insemination (AI) program with liquid semen was started in 2017/18 (1961/62). Thus, use of Red Sindhi, Sahiwaal, Jersey, Holstein and Brown Swiss liquid semen to up-grade native cattle came into practice, in the year 2018/19 (1962/63).